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Diabetes in Pets

Insuman Basal

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Insuman Basal
NPH/Isophane by Aventis
intermediate-acting r-DNA/GE/GM
U100 Isophane
Line Insuman
Also known as N/A
Similar to  
Action in cats  
  • onset 1-2h,
  • sharp peak 4-6h,
  • duration 8-12h[1][2]
Action in dogs  
  • onset 0.5-3h,
  • peak 2-10h[3],
  • duration 4-24h
Use and Handling
Type cloudy
Shelf Life 24 months
When opened 4 weeks room temp.
In pen 4 weeks room temp.
Notes  
  • roll
  • protect from light
  • Do Not Freeze
  • Do not use if product does not re-suspend
  • Do not use intravenously
  • Do not refrigerate in use cartridges/pens.

This is Aventis' brand name for its NPH/isophane suspension insulin[4][5][6], which is intermediate-acting.

Both Novo Nordisk and Eli Lilly produce similar insulins under the names Novolin N, Insulatard[7], Protaphane[8], Humulin N[9][10] and Humulin I[11][12][13].

Like all other isophane/protamine suspended insulins, it is a crystalline suspension with protamine.

Technical detailsEdit

This type of insulin tends to have an onset of 2-4 hours, a peak action of 4-10 hours, and a total duration of 10-20 hours, in humans.

These times seem to be similar in dogs, but considerably compressed in cats, possibly because of cats' faster metabolism.

Cats seem instead to experience a 1-2 hour onset, a peak action of 4-6 hours, and a total duration of 8-12 hours maximum, according to user surveys on Felinediabetes.com

Further ReadingEdit

Wikicat3

ReferencesEdit

  1. Insulins-North American Veterinary Conference-2005
  2. Selecting an Insulin for Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs & Cats-Nelson-OSU Endocrinology Symposium 2006-Page 41
  3. Insulins-North American Veterinary Conference-2005
  4. Electronic Medicines Compendium (EMC) UK-Patient Information Leaflet-Insuman Basal
  5. Insuman Prescribing Information
  6. Aventis Poster-Insuman & Lantus Insulins
  7. EMEA Scientific Discussion-Insulatard
  8. EMEA Scientific Discussion-Protaphane
  9. US FDA-Humulin N
  10. Humulin N NPH/Isophane Human Insulin Remedyfind.com
  11. Electronic Medicines Compendium (EMC) UK-Patient Information Leaflet-Humulin I
  12. Humulin I Prescribing Information
  13. Lilly EU/UK Product Sheet & Time Activity Profiles

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